Sixties Scoop First Case

Finally, Canada’s first case of the 60’s Scoop identity genocide is certified as a class proceeding. The case will now proceed to trial with Marcia Brown (Martel) as the representative plaintiff to 16,000 children who lost their identity.

Today, the Court of Appeal for Ontario released its ruling dismissing Canada’s request for yet another appeal from the September 27, 2013 decision of Justice Edward Belobaba of the Ontario Superior Court certifying the case as a class proceeding.

Contact Natalia Graham, Class Proceeding Manager at 416 956 5625 or via For information on the class proceeding, go to

Thank you Marcia Brown (Martel) and all who have so generously assisted in this journey for justice.

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Appeal Court rules Brown v Canada is to proceed as a class action

Three judges of the Ontario Superior Court have ruled that the motion by Canada to strike the case is to be dismissed in a ruling released December 2, 2014.

You may read the ruling by clicking here .

All persons whose cultural identity were affected by the Sixties Scoop in Ontario should contact Natalia Graham at 1-866-360-5952 or

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Judges consider Canada’s appeal of the judge’s decision certifying Brown v. Canada as a class action – report on the November 13, 2013 hearing in the Ontario Courts

Three Judges of Ontario’s Superior Court reserved on the decision of whether or not the 60’s Scoop case may proceed. The judges will take time to deliberate over the written argument and documentation that they received before the hearing, and the oral argument at the hearing on November 13th, 2014. 

For the 3rd time, since this first case ever in western law about the loss of cultural identity as an actionable wrong began in 2010, an appeal court has been asked to overrule the decision of a Class Proceedings Act Motions Judge. To date, two judges have ruled that Marcia Brown may be a representative plaintiff for the 16,000 survivors of the 60’s Scoop in Ontario and the action is to proceed as a class action. The hearing on Thursday was the latest development as Canada appealed the 2nd judge’s decision to Ontario’s Divisional Court. The hearing was in Toronto. 

Many people from the First Nations communities attended at the hearing in Toronto, almost 200. A ceremonial smudging took place before the hearing. Their attendance spoke to the importance of the case for all within First Nations Communities. Within the many that were there, we were all honoured by the attendances of:

– Ontario Regional Chief Stan Beardy

– Grand Chief Patrick Madahbee of the Union of Ontario Indians

– Grand Chief Harvey Yesno of the Nishnawbe Aski Nation

– Deputy Grant Chief Goyce Kakegamic of the Nishnawbe Aski Nation

– Deputy Grand Chief Denise Stonefish of the Association of Iroquois and Allied Indians

Also attending were a number of other chiefs, recognized elders, traditional teachers, and councillors, as well as the children of today from the First Nation School of Toronto.


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Please note the location for the November 13, 2014 hearing has changed to 361 University Avenue, courtroom 6-1. Please notify those who may be attending the hearing. Thank you.

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Appeal Hearing

On Thursday, November 13, 2014, the Ontario Divisional Court will hear Canada’s appeal of the September 27, 2013 decision of Justice Belobaba.

The hearing will take place at Osgoode Hall, 130 Queen Street West, commencing at 10:30 am. Those seeking to attend should come much earlier as all persons must check through court security.

This is the appeal about 16,000 Aboriginal children who lost their identities as aboriginals between 1965 to 1984 in Ontario.

This is the case where two judges of the Ontario Superior Court have approved the action as a class proceeding so that the interests of these 16,000 Aboriginal children, who lost their culture and identity, are not forgotten.

Both judges dismissed Canada’s request of the Court to throw the case out as not disclosing any reasonable cause of action.

The hearing is open to the public. Check this website at the beginning of November. We will confirm the court room address. Send us an email at or contact Ms. Graham at 416-956-5625 to let us know if you will be attending, and thank you.

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Canada granted leave to appeal

Once again, Canada asks for permission to appeal the decision granting certification of the case as a class proceeding and, once again, permission is granted. For the 2nd time in the same case, a single judge of the Ontario Superior Court has said permission should be granted for an appeal to be heard because there is good reason to believe the Judge of the Ontario Superior Court got it wrong.

As a result, for the second time, a judge of the specialized class proceedings branch of the Ontario Superior Court has found that this case should be certified as a class action and another judge of the Ontario Superior Court has said an appeal is required from that decision.

It’s a long journey uphill to seek protection for First Nations’ cultural identity.

We will let you know the date of the Appeal. We hope you will join us at the hearing so that the thousands affected by this case may be seen and heard.

Posted, with this note, is the March 11, 2014 decision of the Honourable Justice Wendy Matheson that grants Canada permission to appeal.


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Reporting to All Registered Class Members and All Other Interested Persons of the 60’s Scoop Cultural Genocide Case in Ontario

  1. On September 27, 2013, the Honourable Justice Edward Belobaba of the Ontario Superior Court of Justice certified the 60’s Scoop case of cultural genocide as a class action under Ontario’s Class Proceedings Act. The judge rejected the argument of the Attorney General of Canada that what happened is not worthy of a legal-wrong case.

  2. This is not the first time a judge of the Ontario Superior Court of Justice has accepted the case as one that should go forward, that does plead a proper legal wrong, and a case that ought to proceed as a class action.  The first judge was the Honourable Justice Perell who made His decision on May 26, 2010.

  3. And, now and for the 2nd time, the Attorney General of Canada has chosen to seek permission to appeal the latest decision of a judge  of the Ontario Superior Court of Justice.

  4. We spent three days in Court on the first hearing. We spent a day and half at the second hearing.

  5. The hearing to decide whether or not permission should be granted to Canada to appeal (and likely involve the case in another 2-3 years of legal wrangling) will be heard at 10:00 a.m. on Wednesday, December 4, 2013 at Osgoode Hall, 130 Queen Street West, courtroom #4. It is a hearing that is open to the public. All interested persons should attend so that the voice of cultural-genocide hurt has a face.

  6. Once a decision is made as to whether or not the Court will permit a further appeal, we will be able to decide the next steps. We will shortly post a summary of how the decision of Justice Belobaba affects the definition of the Class and how we can address this as the case unfolds.

  7. Now, all of us should shout out to our federal M.P.s asking them why Canada is spending so much of the taxpayers’ dollars on its many lawyers and the administration of justice to oppose this case, rather than sit down with the Plaintiffs and a mediator and resolve it.

  8. We should also be writing to the Committee on the Rights of the Child under the international Convention on the Rights of the Child asking them how Canada, who ratified this Convention, in 1991, can conduct itself as it is doing in this case. How can Canada have its many lawyers argue no wrong was committed when there are 16,000 survivors of the 60’s Scoop experiment in cultural genocide in Ontario? And, how can it do that when it is a nation that has covenanted under international law to respect the heritage, traditions, language and culture of indigenous persons, as provided for under the Convention on the Rights of the Child?  Does Canada say one thing to other nations about how they should behave and then do as it chooses in its own backyard?

  9. Write to the Committee on the Rights of the Child at their address which is:

    Committee on the Rights of the Child
    Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR)
    Palais des Nations
    CH-1211 Geneva 10, Switzerland

  10. Know this: the survivors have endured much pain and hardship. Canada’s treatment of them in this case, by using all of its resources to fight and deny the truth of the pain and hardship, is a continuation of the very same thought and consciousness that led to the 60’s Scoop cultural genocide in the first place. No one of us is going away. As long as it takes, the voices of the survivors will be heard.

Thank you for your attention.

Your Committee on the Ontario 60’s Scoop Class Action

November 1, 2013

Natalia Graham – Class Action Administrator
t: 1-866-360-5952 or 416-956-5625
f: 416-360-7912

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